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mpdist1 details:

Keywords: analytic solution

Global classification: linear-quadratic, convex

Functional: convex quadratic

Geometry: easy, fixed

Design: coupled via volume data

Differential operator:

Design constraints:

State constraints:

Mixed constraints:

Submitted on 2012-08-21 by Roland Herzog. Published on 2012-08-21

mpdist1 description:


This is one of the simplest model problems in optimal control of partial differential equations. Problems of this type are treated extensively in [Tröltzsch2010, Chapter 2], and are sometimes refered to as the mother problem type. The present problem is special in the sense that the control acts in a distributed way on the entire domain Ω, and that the state is observed on the entire domain as well. Furthermore, no constraints beside the elliptic PDE are present.

This problem was adapted from [Tröltzsch2010, Section 2.9.1], where the case ν = 0 with additional control constraints was elaborated.

Variables & Notation


u L2(Ω) control variable y H01(Ω)state variable

Given Data

The given data is chosen in a way which admits an analytic solution.

Ω = (0,1)2 computational domain ν = 102 control cost parameter yd = sin (8πx1)sin (8πx2) + sin (πx1)sin (πx2) desired state f = 2π2 sin (πx 1)sin (πx2) + ν1 128π2 sin (8πx1)sin (8πx2)uncontrolled force

Problem Description

Minimize1 2y ydL2(Ω)2 + ν 2uL2(Ω)2 s.t. y = u + fin Ω y = 0 on Ω

Optimality System

The following optimality system for the state y H01(Ω), the control u L2(Ω) and the adjoint state p H01(Ω), given in the strong form, characterizes the unique minimizer.

y = u + f in Ω y = 0 on Ω p = (y yd)in Ω p = 0 on Ω νu p = 0 in Ω

Supplementary Material

The optimal state, adjoint state and control are known analytically:

y = sin (πx1)sin (πx2) p = 1 128π2 sin (8πx1)sin (8πx2) u = ν1 128π2 sin (8πx1)sin (8πx2)


   F. Tröltzsch. Optimal Control of Partial Differential Equations, volume 112 of Graduate Studies in Mathematics. American Mathematical Society, Providence, 2010.